Reforestation project using native species in Maringa-Lopori-Wamba region (Democratic Republic of Congo): establishment of the 'Bonobo Peace Forest'

A new forest-covered area will be established to realize a standard natural habitat unit of bonobo (Pan paniscus). This species of non-human primates is the most similar to humans (with 99% of genome in common with Homo sapiens). It is endemic of the forests of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and unfortunately it is currently at high risk of extinction.

Recent civil war in the DRC has fragmented and decimated the bonobo population - which has dropped, according to some estimates, from 100,000 individuals in 1980 to less than 10,000 today. The subsequent peace increased logging in the few places where isolated bonobo populations are still living.

A recent United Nations study indicated that, with infrastructure growing at current speed, the undisturbed bonobo habitat which remains is projected to be only 4% (four per cent) of its original range by 2030. This range will be the most limited habitat of any great ape.

This project will play an important role in reversing this trend and offering a chance of survival to bonobos and other species in of the forests of DRC.

This geographical region has been identified as an important area for biodiversity and has been designated as one of 11 priority landscapes under the Congo Basin Forest Partnership, a worldwide supported initiative launched by the United States and South Africa, along with 27 public and private partners, at the WSSD, in Johannesburg on 4th September 2002.

New forest corridors with native species will be realized and a protected public reserve - including both new forest corridors and forest islands yet existent - will be established. This activity will complement existing conservation programs including the establishment of Community-Based Reserves.

One of the major threats for bonobos and other species has been the fragmentation of the forests. This project will target specific areas of degraded and cleared forests to establish corridors that may promote habitat viability for previously isolated and fragmented bonobo populations.

As a consequence of each species food necessities, the project will be carried out following these parameters: choice of vegetable species, useful for species territorial survivals (territorial productivity of leaves, fruits, grubs, birds and small mammals), seasonality of forest production, correct esteem of the size of reserve also in relation to distance between islands.

The safeguard of bonobos will be ensured through the enlargement and enrichment of the home range with a consequent positive impact on genetic variability of isolated bonobo populations.

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News coverage:
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Project Details

Project type:
Afforestation or Reforestation
EQ Congo (Kinshasa)
Project developer(s) or entities involved:
B.C.I. - The Bonobo Conservation Initiative
Project status:
Contact details:

B.C.I. - The Bonobo Conservation Initiative
2701 Connecticut Avenue, NW #702
20008 - Washington, DC - USA
President: Dr. Sally Jewell Coxe
Phone: + 1 202 332 1014

Fax: + 1 202 234 3066
Web site:

Project size:
5,000 hectares
Total actual emissions reductions:
4,068,973 tCO2e
Estimated annual emissions reductions:
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Official project start date:
Standard(s) and project area certifications:
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Crediting period:
30 years
Seeking additional support from:
[None Listed]
Official tenure and land-use rights on the project site(s):
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Co-benefits of the project to people or ecosystems:
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More about the project's co-benefits:
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Drivers of deforestation or forest degradation in the project area:
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Project activities that address deforestation or forest degradation:
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Forest/land cover type:
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Tenure and use rights:
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Species planting mix:
Native and exotic plantings: more than 50% native
Verification status:
Not Validated - seeking validation
RINA (CDM Validation)
Credit status: