Paulo Lopes, Centre for Enviromental Policy, Imperial College London
The purpose of this study is to gain a greater understanding of the compliance and voluntary carbon market and in particular the forestry carbon market.
In addition, the objective of this thesis is to assist organizations, businesses and individuals to identify which carbon credit they should purchase. A simplified, multi-criteria analysis has been developed and the results indicate that not all standards can guarantee that carbon credits are real, verifiable, additional and permanent.
Gillian Petrokofsky, FAO/UN-REDD Programme, and external experts have produced a draft protocol for a project aimed at comparing methods for the measurement and assessment of carbon stocks and carbon stock changes in terrestrial carbon pools.
The project will systematically analyze literature on methods for carbon measurement using an evidence-based process. It is hoped that the project will lend scientific credibility to the guidance given to countries participating in a future REDD mechanism.
This UNDP reports presents the main principles, practices and challenges for carbon accounting in the forestry sector. In order to be accessible, the report is not overly technical and should not, therefore, be considered a stand-alone guide for forestry carbon accounting. It does, however, present guidance for good practice in accounting and indicates further sources of guidance. Download as PDF.
Section 1 outlines the historic, current and future needs for forest carbon accounting. Section 2 focuses on principles and good practice. The process of forest carbon accounting is outlined in Section 3. Section 4 highlights existing guidance and toolkits available for forestry carbon accounting and Section 5 presents the challenges and limitations to date. Section 6 concludes.
This UNFCCC Technical Paper provides an overview of the possible steps and requirements needed to develop and implement a monitoring system for estimating emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, assessing carbon stocks and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from changes in forest cover, and assessing the enhancement of forest carbon stocks.
The report provides information on the indicative costs associated with the possible steps and requirements of a national monitoring system. The difference in terms of cost implications and capacities between establishing a national monitoring system for GHG emissions and removals from deforestation and forest degradation, and maintaining and/or upgrading an existing system for monitoring are presented and discussed.
The Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA) is a partnership between leading companies, NGOs and research institutes seeking to promote integrated solutions to land management around the world. With this goal in mind, the CCBA has developed voluntary standards to help design and identify land management projects that simultaneously minimize climate change, support sustainable development and conserve biodiversity.
The Plan Vivo system is a set of standards, processes and tools used to develop and register payments for ecosystem services (PES) projects in developing countries. Project activities include afforestation, agroforestry, forest conservation, restoration and avoided deforestation, and are implemented by small-holders or communities on their own land, or land where they have user rights.
The Afforestation Project protocol considers reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through carbon sequestration by increasing the carbon stock (planting trees) on traditionally non forested lands such as cropped or forage land, urban land, agro-forestry operations and possibly industrial lands that have been reclaimed.
The Alberta Offset System rules allow for projects to claim credit for past action (from 2002 onwards) and there is no deadline for accounting for past offsets as long as they can be verified.
With forestry offsets likely to play a major role in the future United States cap and trade scheme, American Carbon Registry, a leading U.S. non-profit greenhouse gas registry, released its much-awaited Forest Carbon Project Standard at Point Carbon’s Carbon Markets Insights 2009, Copenhagen.
The association CarbonFix released Version 3.0 of its quality-standard for climate forest projects. New features include the certification of ex-post credits and the acceptance of criteria from other forest related quality standards.